Maa Saraswati, the Goddess of arts, music and nature, is the consort of Lord Brahmadev and is worshipped as the “Mother of Vedas”. In Hindu tradition, priests begin and end the chanting of Vedas with Saraswati Vandana, chants in praise of Goddess Saraswati. The word Saraswati is derived from the Sanskrit words “Sara”, which means “essence” and “Swa”, which means “self”. She is worshipped and addressed by a number of different names, including Sharada, Varadhanayagi, Vani and Vagdevi.
Goddess Saraswati is depicted in illustrations with four arms, which represent alertness, ego, intellect and mind. Some Hindu schools of thought also believe that the four arms represent the four Vedas. She is shown wearing a white sari, playing a Veena and seated on a lotus. The book in one hand represents the Goddesses’ perfection in scriptures and sciences and the rosary in the other hand represents poetry. There a number of Temples dedicated to the Goddess. The most famous ones are the Gnana Saraswati Temple in Basar, Telangana; Shringeri Sharadamba Temple, Karnataka and Dakshina Mookambika Temple in Kerala.
Saraswati Jayanti is celebrated on the 5th day of Shukla Paksha in the Magha month, commemorating the birthday of Maa Saraswati. The day is also celebrated as Vasant Panchami heralding the onset of spring in North India.
Mantra to Worship Goddess Saraswati
The following mantra is chanted for receiving Maa Saraswati’s blessings in the pursuit of knowledge and truth.
“Om Saraswati Mahabhagey, Vidye Kamala Lochaney
Viswarupey Vishalakshmi, Vidyam Dehi Namohastutey
Jaya Jaya Devi, Charachara Sharey, Kuchayuga Shobhita, Mukta Haarey
Vina Ranjita, Pustaka Hastey, Bhagavati Bharati Devi Namohastutey”
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