Buddha Purnima (also known as Vesak or Buddha Jayanti) is celebrated all over the world with great enthusiasm. It is especially important as Lord Buddha the founder of Buddhism was born on this auspicious day of Vesakha. This year it will be celebrated on 4th of May, 2015 as 2577th birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. On the day of Buddha Purnima the three historic events of Buddha’s life took place – birth, nirvana and enlightenment.
Life of Gautam Buddha
Though the exact time of Buddha’s birth is still unknown but according to many historians it is circa 563 BC in Lumbini, Nepal. He was born as Prince Siddhartha and raised in prosperity and social up heel. He got married to a beautiful princess at the age of 16 and had a son with her. Age 29 brought turning point in his life when one day he ventured outside the palace and saw the sufferings of the world – old age, sickness and death. This incident moved him completely and he left all the riches and comforts of married life and went on in search of truth and enlightenment.
He visited many places and finally at the age of 35 he reached Bodh Gaya where he sat under a tree and vowed not to get up until he found enlightenment. Thus after 49 days of deep meditation he attained nirvana, a state in which an individual is free from the cycle of death and rebirth. This state is called as the state of being ‘Fully Awake’ which is the final goal of Buddhism.
Celebration of Buddha Purnima
Vesak is celebrated on a grand level in Bodh Gaya, the birth place of Gautam Buddha. People all around the world gather over there to pay homage to God Buddha. Temples are decorated with Buddhists flags and prayers are organized followed by distribution of snacks and sweets. People bathe early morning and wear white clothes. Incense sticks, fresh flowers, fruits and candles are offered to Lord Buddha. Recitation of Buddhist scriptures echo in all monasteries on the day of Buddha purnima. People spend whole day listening to the teachings of Lord Buddha.