Basukinath Dham Temple, Dumka

About The Temple

Baba Basukinath Dham is one of the many ancient temples in India. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and holds a high religious significance to the Hindus. The temple is located in Dumka district of Jharkhand. It is about 25 kilometers north-west from the district headquarters of Dumka. The temple lies amidst the Deoghar-Dumka state highway. There are many myths and legends associated with the construction of this temple. However, the exact time of its establishment is not known.

Religious importance to Hindus

The temple is an eminent place of pilgrimage for Hindus. According to Hindu religious scholars, baba basukinath is an incarnation of Lord Shiva. The temple has an even higher religious and spiritual value among the Shaivite sect of Hinduism. Thousands of pilgrims visit the temple every day. However, during the Hindu calendar month of shravana, which lies between July and August, the influx of pilgrims reaches up to millions. Many devotees have a belief that shravana is the most auspicious time to visit the temple. As per myths, it is the place where Lord Shiva meets his consort Goddess Parvati. Hence, the shrine is considered a sanctum sanctorum by the devotees.

The worshipped deity

The presiding deity in basukinath dham is Baba Basukinath, who is worshipped in the form of a Shiva Lingam. According to Hinduism, Shiva Lingam is a symbol of divine generative energy. The Godhead of Basukinath temple is also worshipped as Baba Bholenath. In is believed that Baba Bholenath is very easy to please and hence, innumerable devotees throng the temple with aspirations that the presiding deity would answer their prayer soon. Devotees of Lord Shiva visit this shrine to worship him in the form of Basukinath, the lord of serpents.

Idol of Worship

The main presiding deity, basukinath is not worshipped in the form of an idol. The Shiva Lingam is worshipped as the deity, which represents a phallus as a symbol of Lord Shiva. However, a thick and broad ring of solid silver encircles the Lingam. It is believed that a thunderbolt had broken the Lingam as a curse on Lord Basukinath. After that, the Lingam was restored by encircling it with silver. However, Goddess Parvati is worshipped in idol form.

Other minor deities

There are numerous shrines of other deities in the basukinath temple complex. Among others, the most significant deities are the Hindu monkey god Hanuman, Goddess Parvati, the Hindu elephant god Ganesh, Lord Ram, Sun God, Lord Krishna and different incarnations of goddess Kali. The shrine of Goddess Durga is one of the most prominent parts in the temple premises.

Different procedures of worship

Lord Basukinath is offered obeisance in several ways in the temple. The Shiva Lingam is smeared with vermilion and worshipped as the divine source of energy. Worship of the divine mother, Parvati, consort of Lord Shiva takes place alongside the worship of Lord Shiva. The Lingam is set atop a circular stone that represents the yoni, symbol of divine procreative energy. The Yoni symbolizes Parvati, the Divine Mother. Thus, the worshipping involves both the male and female aspects of energy. Flowers are offered to all the deities in the temple premises. However, particularly white and red flowers are offered in the worship of Siva Lingam and yoni.

Important religious events

Alongside daily worship of the deities, several significant occasions are celebrated in the Basukinath Temple. Mahashivaratri is perhaps the most important religious occasion in the temple. According to myths, Lord Shiva was married to his consort Parvati on this day. The event signifies the union of Shiva and Shakti, male and female aspects of the universe. Mahashivaratri is celebrated on a moonless night in the Hindu calendar month of Phalguna, which falls between February and March. The significant and sacred Lingodbhava Puja is performed on this day. The Shiva Lingam is bathed with water, milk and honey.

Another important celebration is the Shravan Mela, which is held in the month of shravana (July-August). It stretches across the month of shravana. The temple is famous for this event. It involves carrying of water from the sacred river Ganges and offering it to Lord Basukinath. Many devotees from every part of India come to this holy shrine to offer obeisance to the presiding deity. The water is collected from the Bhagalpur stretch of the river. The devotees clad in saffron attire travel the entire distance on foot chanting hymns in praise of Lord Shiva.

Revered Hindu pilgrimage

Among the many shrines dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva, the basukinath temple jharkhand is one the most visited pilgrimage sites. It has an extremely high significance among ardent devotees of Lord Shiva. Hordes of Indians staying outside the country come to visit this shrine, especially during Mahashivaratri and Shravan Mela.

How To Reach

Basukinath Dham is well-connected to almost all the nearby cities and towns by air, road and railways.

 

  • Kolkata is the nearest airport to Basukinath Dham. It takes around 5 hours and 40 minutes to travel the distance of 285 kilometers between Kolkata and Basukinath. The other important airports from where you can easily reach Basukinath are Ranchi and Patna. The distance between Basukinath and Ranchi, which is the capital town of Jharkhand is 319 kilometers with a travelling time of approximately 6 hours and 15 minutes. It takes around 6 hours to cover a distance of 307 kilometers between Patna and Basukinath Dham.
  • Indian Railways operate several trains to Jasidih, which is just 7.2 kilometers from Basukinath Temple with a travelling time of just 7 to 10 minutes. Several north-bound trains travelling from Howrah to New Delhi have stops in Jasidih. Besides, it is very easy to reach Jasidih from Patna, Ranchi, Dhanbad and Howrah.
  • State-run transport buses operate plenty of services to Basukinath Dham from different parts of Jharkhand. West Bengal State Transport Corporation also operates bus service from Kolkata and several other towns to Basukinath. You can also avail bus services operated by Bihar State Road Transport Corporation. You can also use private taxi services for local sightseeing.

 

Because of its elevated location, on a hilltop, ropeway travel facilities are also available for aged pilgrims or those with restricted mobility. Apart from that, dedicated devotees can also take the path of 1100 stairs, to reach to the deity.

Nearby Attractions

Besides Basukinath Temple, there are numerous places of tourist attraction. Moreover, there are several other famous temples in and around Dumka.

  • Baba Baidyanath Jyotirlinga Temple is a famous religious shrine situated in the Deoghar district of Jharkhand. It takes around 5 hours and 40 minutes to reach Baidyanath Temple from Basukinath Temple by road.
  • Massanjore Dam is another popular tourist destination in Dumka. It is a hydro-electricity project built on the Mayurakshi River. The dam is located just 13 kilometers or 20 minutes away from the Dumka by-pass road. You can avail state-run buses or hire a private taxi to reach Massanjore Dam.
  • You can visit the Shristi Park in Dumka, which is famous hill park. It is just 7 kilometers to the south of Dumka.
  • Kathikund that is located on the Dumka-Pakur road is just 24 kilometers from Dumka. It is a place famous for sericulture and production of handloom products. You should also visit the nearby places of Nargunj, Mahuagadhi and Gopikandar.
  • Gambhara Bridge is a fascinating spot especially if you are a fond of nature photography.
  • Tharia Pani hot springs is also a place that you must visit. It is located very close to Gopikandar on the Dumka-Pakur road. A dip in the hot waters can refresh you after a long journey.
  • Tatloi is another natural hot water spring that is located at a distance of 15 kilometers from Dumka. It is situated amid the Ramgarh hill on the Bhurbhuri River and is a must-visit place for nature lovers.
  • Susum Pani is yet another place you must visit, which is situated near the picturesque village of Baghmara. It lies on the opposite bank of Mayurakshi River.
  • Located at a distance of 11.5 kilometers from Dumka town lies Kumrabad, which is a beautiful place with a rare natural view of hills and the River Mayurakshi flowing in the backdrop.

History Of Temple

Myths and legends

There are many myths and legends associated with the Basukinath Dham. According to legends, Lord Shiva was delighted with the services of Basuki, the king of serpents and blessed him with a boon. Basuki had rendered his services to Lord Shiva in Sagar Manthan, the churning of the oceans to extract elixir and poison from the bed of the oceans. As a token of gratitude, Basuki established the Lingam here. Following their king, all other snakes started worshipping the Shiva Lingam. When people came to know about this phenomenon, a temple was erected in this place. Thus, the place came to be known as the Basukinath Dham.

Another myth involves the story of a Sudra, a lower caste man who was suffering from leprosy and underwent penances to please Lord Shiva. The Lord was pleased with his penances and gave him a boon that if the priest of the Basukinath temple would come to his house for a meal, his disease will be cured. However, the priest refused to visit the house of the Sudra. Lords Shiva angered by the arrogance of the priest cursed him with leprosy. The arrogant priest was displeased with Lord Shiva and cursed him the strike of a thunderbolt. In the course of time, a thunderbolt struck the Shiva Lingam of Basukinath Temple and a rift developed in the Lingam. Later, the priest ashamed of his deed visited the Sudra and cured his leprosy. After a few years, the Queen of that place bound the Lingam with silver and restored it.

In the Basukinath Dham, the temples of Basukinath and Parvati stand facing each other. It is believed that Lord Shiva and his consort meet each other every evening. Hence, visitors are not allowed to enter the premises for a certain time during sunset.