Brief Look Into the History Of Brahma Temple Pushkar
Pushkar Brahma Temple is also known as the Jagatpita Brahma Mandir. The temple is located near the Pushkar Lake in Pushkar town of Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. According to historians, the Brahma temple is almost 2000 years old. However, the present structure belongs to the 14th century. The exact details regarding the establishment of the temple are unknown. But according to religious legends of Hinduism, the great ancient Hindu sage Vishwamitra established the temple in the prehistoric times.
Religious significance of the temple
The temple is very sacred to the Hindus as Lord Brahma is a part of the Holy Trinity that comprises of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma is the creator of the universe. There are many myths and legends related to the brahma temple pushkar. The devotees of Lord Brahma flock to the temple in hordes since this temple is one of the very few Brahma temples in the country. Perhaps, the Brahma Temple in Pushkar is the largest and the most popular temple of its kind in India. Every year millions of devotees from different places in India and the world visit the temple to offer obeisance.
Overview about the presiding deity
The presiding deity of this temple is the Hindu creator God, Lord Brahma. The Hindu God of creation is also revered to as Jagatpita or Prajapati. The literal meaning of Jagatpita is the father of the world since Lord Brahma is associated with creation of the universe. Thousands of devotees of Lord Brahma come to this temple to pay obeisance to the Godhead. Besides, the consorts of the Hindu God of Creation, Savitri and Gayatri are also revered. The deity of this temple in Pushkar is one of the most significant deities of the Hindu pantheon.
Idol of worship
The idol of Lord Brahma is depicted as possessing four heads. The Hindu God of creation is also shown to have four arms, which signifies the four cardinal directions. Moreover, there are several symbolic representations of the four hands, which include intellect, self-confidence ego and, the mind. The idol is shown with a rosary that represents the materials utilized during the creation of the universe. Lord Brahma’s idol is also shown with a book in his hand that signifies knowledge. The heads represent the four Vedas, which are Rigveda, Samaved, Yajurved, and Atharvaved.
Other shrines in the temple complex
Besides, the worship of Lord Brahma, his first consort, Savitri and his second consort, Gayatri is also worshipped. Goddess Savitri or Saraswati is believed to have emerged with a spring that is now known as Savitri Jharna, in the hills of Ratnagiri. There are separate temples dedicated to the Goddesses, which stand in opposite hills at the end of the Pushkar Lake.
Modes of worship
The temple is open for devotees from 6:30 AM until 8:30 PM in the winters and the summer timings are from 6:00 AM until 9:00 PM. Brahma Temple, Pushkar remains closed between 1:30 3:00 PM. The worship of the deity starts at dawn. The first Arati, which is called Mangala Arati, is performed two hours before sunrise. The second Arati is performed in the evening. This Arati is referred to as Sandhya Arati, which takes place almost forty minutes after the sun sets. The last Arati for the day is performed almost five hours after the Sandhya Arati. The last Arati is known as Ratri Shayan Arati.
Important religious events
Apart from the daily prayers and reverence, there are several other religious events that take place in the temple of Brahma in Pushkar. An elaborate religious festival is held in reverence of Lord Brahma on the day of Kartik Poornima, the full moon night. The festival takes place in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik that falls between the Gregorian calendar months of October and November. Huge pilgrims from every part of India come to Pushkar and take a bath in the Pushkar lake before offering their obeisance to Lord Brahma.
Pushkar fair is another important event that takes place during the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. The fair is held near the Pushkar Temple, adjacent to the Pushkar Lake. The fair stretches for five days. It is the largest cattle fair in India. The fair is held in the honor of Lord Brahma and coincides with Kartik Poornima.
Important pilgrimage destination
The temple of Lord Brahma is a very important destination for pilgrims and devotees of the Hindu God of creation. Since, this temple in Pushkar is among only a few temples that are dedicated to Lord Brahma, pilgrims visit this holy shrine in great numbers especially during the month of Kartik when Kartik Poornima is celebrated.