Brahma Temple, Pushkar

About The Temple

Brief Look Into the History Of Brahma Temple Pushkar

Pushkar Brahma Temple is also known as the Jagatpita Brahma Mandir. The temple is located near the Pushkar Lake in Pushkar town of Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. According to historians, the Brahma temple is almost 2000 years old. However, the present structure belongs to the 14th century. The exact details regarding the establishment of the temple are unknown. But according to religious legends of Hinduism, the great ancient Hindu sage Vishwamitra established the temple in the prehistoric times.

Religious significance of the temple

The temple is very sacred to the Hindus as Lord Brahma is a part of the Holy Trinity that comprises of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Brahma is the creator of the universe. There are many myths and legends related to the brahma temple pushkar. The devotees of Lord Brahma flock to the temple in hordes since this temple is one of the very few Brahma temples in the country. Perhaps, the Brahma Temple in Pushkar is the largest and the most popular temple of its kind in India. Every year millions of devotees from different places in India and the world visit the temple to offer obeisance.

Overview about the presiding deity

The presiding deity of this temple is the Hindu creator God, Lord Brahma. The Hindu God of creation is also revered to as Jagatpita or Prajapati. The literal meaning of Jagatpita is the father of the world since Lord Brahma is associated with creation of the universe. Thousands of devotees of Lord Brahma come to this temple to pay obeisance to the Godhead. Besides, the consorts of the Hindu God of Creation, Savitri and Gayatri are also revered. The deity of this temple in Pushkar is one of the most significant deities of the Hindu pantheon.

Idol of worship

The idol of Lord Brahma is depicted as possessing four heads. The Hindu God of creation is also shown to have four arms, which signifies the four cardinal directions. Moreover, there are several symbolic representations of the four hands, which include intellect, self-confidence ego and, the mind. The idol is shown with a rosary that represents the materials utilized during the creation of the universe. Lord Brahma’s idol is also shown with a book in his hand that signifies knowledge. The heads represent the four Vedas, which are Rigveda, Samaved, Yajurved, and Atharvaved.

Other shrines in the temple complex

Besides, the worship of Lord Brahma, his first consort, Savitri and his second consort, Gayatri is also worshipped. Goddess Savitri or Saraswati is believed to have emerged with a spring that is now known as Savitri Jharna, in the hills of Ratnagiri. There are separate temples dedicated to the Goddesses, which stand in opposite hills at the end of the Pushkar Lake.

Modes of worship

The temple is open for devotees from 6:30 AM until 8:30 PM in the winters and the summer timings are from 6:00 AM until 9:00 PM. Brahma Temple, Pushkar remains closed between 1:30 3:00 PM. The worship of the deity starts at dawn. The first Arati, which is called Mangala Arati, is performed two hours before sunrise. The second Arati is performed in the evening. This Arati is referred to as Sandhya Arati, which takes place almost forty minutes after the sun sets. The last Arati for the day is performed almost five hours after the Sandhya Arati. The last Arati is known as Ratri Shayan Arati.

Important religious events

Apart from the daily prayers and reverence, there are several other religious events that take place in the temple of Brahma in Pushkar. An elaborate religious festival is held in reverence of Lord Brahma on the day of Kartik Poornima, the full moon night. The festival takes place in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik that falls between the Gregorian calendar months of October and November. Huge pilgrims from every part of India come to Pushkar and take a bath in the Pushkar lake before offering their obeisance to Lord Brahma.

Pushkar fair is another important event that takes place during the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. The fair is held near the Pushkar Temple, adjacent to the Pushkar Lake. The fair stretches for five days. It is the largest cattle fair in India. The fair is held in the honor of Lord Brahma and coincides with Kartik Poornima.

Important pilgrimage destination

The temple of Lord Brahma is a very important destination for pilgrims and devotees of the Hindu God of creation. Since, this temple in Pushkar is among only a few temples that are dedicated to Lord Brahma, pilgrims visit this holy shrine in great numbers especially during the month of Kartik when Kartik Poornima is celebrated.

How To Reach

The temple of Lord Brahma is a very important destination for pilgrims and devotees of the Hindu God of creation. Since, this temple in Pushkar is among only a few temples that are dedicated to Lord Brahma, pilgrims visit this holy shrine in great numbers especially during the month of Kartik when Kartik Poornima is celebrated.

 

  • The nearest airport is Jaipur, the capital city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. Pushkar lies at a distance of 150 kilometers from Jaipur with a travelling time of 2 hours and 50 minutes. Jaipur is connected to almost all the major cities in India. All air carriers operate flight services from metropolitan cities in India to Jaipur on a daily basis.
  • The railway station nearest to pushkar brahma temple is Ajmer. The railway station is located at a distance of almost 11 kilometers from Pushkar. Ajmer has good railway connectivity to all the cities and town of Rajasthan and the rest of the country. You may reach Ajmer from New Delhi by Ajmer Shatabdi Train. The train operates six days a week except for Wednesdays. The travelling time is seven hours.
  • Pushkar is connected to Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab by surface transport. You may avail state-run buses as well as private buses. Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation operates bus service to every part of Rajasthan and all the neighboring states. You may also hire private taxis for local travelling and sightseeing.

 

Nearby Attractions

Pushkar has many other places of tourist interest and temples that you may visit. Besides, most the places of attraction are located within the vicinity of Pushkar.

  • Atpateshwar or Apteshwar temple is dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. The Apteshwar temple is situated inside a cave that is close to the Brahma temple. The deity in tis temple is Shiva Lingam, which is the symbolic representation of Lord Shiva. It is believed that Lord Brahma himself established the temple.
  • The temples of Lord Brahma’s consorts, Savitri and Gayatri, are also revered places of religious values. The temples are located quite near to the Brahma temple. The temple of Savitri is located on the highest hill in the Pushkar area right behind the temple of Brahma. The temple of Gayatri, which is also known as Pap Mochani temple is situated on the opposite hill.
  • Chamunda Devi Mandir is a significant religious destination for the Hindus. The temple is also known as Shakti Peeth Temple. Huge numbers of devotees of the Divine Mother visit this temple. It is an important place of worship for the followers of the Shaktism cult of the Hindu religion.
  • Kanbay- Ksheer Sager Temple is also located in the forests of Pushkar, known as Pushkararanya. The temple is located at a distance of 8 kilometers from pushkar brahma temple on the banks of River Saraswati.
  • Jamdagni Kund and Punch Kund Pushkar is located at a distance of 2.5 kilometers from Pushkar. There are five kunds or ponds, which are dedicated to the five Pandavas.
  • Vaidhnath Temple in Pushkar is yet another place of religious importance. The temple is devoted to the worship of Lord Shiva. It is one of the twelve Jyotiralingas. The distance between Puskar Brahma temple and Vaidhnath Temple is 10 kilometers.
  • Ajay Pal Temple is another temple in Pushkar that is dedicated to the reverence of Lord Shiva.
  • Ranganath Temple Pushkar is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. This temple holds a high religious significance for the Vaishnavite cult of Hinduism.

History Of Temple

Religious myths and legends

There are various versions of legends and myths associated with the Brahma Temple in Pushkar. According to the brahma purana, Lord Brahma had killed the demon Vajranabha, who was creating havoc and panic among the saints and sages. Lord Brahma was angered with this, and he immediately slayed the demon. In the fight between the demon Vajranabha and Lord Brahma, three petals from Lord Brahma’s weapon lotus fell on the earth. The places where the petal fell, three lakes came into being. So, Lord Brahma decided to perform a Yagna or sacred sacrificial fire. He invited all the Gods and Goddesses to attend the Yagna.

During the yagna the consort of Lord Brahma, Savitri did not attend the yagna. So, Lord Brahma decided to use a different woman for the sacrificial fire. He sent Lord Vishnu to look for a suitable woman. But, Lord Vishnu could not find an appropriate woman. At last, he found the daughter of a Gurjar, a low-caste person. She was named Gayatri because she was sanctified by making her pass through the body of a cow. Now, Gayatri was indulged in the holy yagna. However, Savitri came suddenly and cursed Lord Brahma that he will never be worshipped again, but she took pity on him and reduced the curse. She allowed the worship of Lord Brahma only in Pushkar.

According to another Hindu legend, the great sage Maharishi Bhrigu went to invite Lord Brahma for an auspicious yagna. However, Lord Brahma did not respond to sage Bhrigu as Lord Brahma was engrossed in a conversation with his consort, Saraswati. Sage Bhrigu took this as an insult and lost his temper. And, he cursed Lord Brahma that he will never be worshipped. Hence, there are only few temples dedicated to the Hindu God.