Ganesh Chaturthi Is Celebrated With Immense Zeal And Grandeur
About puja

One of the most worshiped and revered deity in Hindu pantheon is Ganesha, who is known as Vinayaka or Ganapati. A popular Hindu festival celebrated all over the world is Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganapati is renowned as the God of wisdom and beginnings. This elephant-headed deity is noted as the remover of every obstacle. A popular belief is that during this festival, Ganesha bestows devotees with his presence. This festival has been a public event since the era of Shivaji in early seventeenth century. Celebrations include installation of clay models and images of Vinayaka in temporary shrines or pandals. Devotees worship lifelike idols for ten days with immense splendor.

Idol and its significance

Traditional stories state that Lord Ganesha was the son of Goddess Parvati, who is Lord Shiva’s consort. Parvati breathed life into Vinayaka by using sandalwood paste. Legends elaborate that Ganpati refused entry to Lord Shiva inside the premises where Parvati was staying. This infuriated Shiva and what followed was a battle between Ganapati and Shiva’s followers. Ganesha defeated every Ganas of Shiva as he is Shakti’s incarnation. Even after Saptarshis and Narada had failed to appease the child, Lord Indra with his army waged war against Ganapati, who were promptly defeated. This further angered Shiva, who in a fit of rage, severed Ganesha’s head. However, this angered Parvati and to appease her, Shiva assured that Ganesha will be alive. The devas found a dead elephant’s head that was then fixed on Ganapati’s body. Shiva announced that the child would be known as Ganesha, which means Lord of Ganas.

Days of celebration

Vinayaka Chaturthi is ideally observed in month of Bhaadrapada, according to the Hindu calendar. It commences on the fourth day or Shukla Chaturthi, during the period of the waxing moon. The date falls between months of August and September. Celebration lasts for almost ten days and ends on Anant Chaturdashi or fourteenth day, during the time of waxing moon. This grand and elaborate occasion are celebrated with immense joy throughout India. It is immensely popular in Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Telangana. Festivities also take place in Western and Southern India.

Items/samagri required

Lord Ganesha is acknowledged as Vigana Harta or the one who removes impediments and obstacle. He is renowned as Buddhi Pradaayaka, which means the one who endows and grants intelligence. Pratisthapana or installation of the clay idol of Ganesha requires elaborate rituals along with an intricate and well-stocked inventory of Puja Samagri. These include –

  1. Chaurang or wooden stool, for placing the idol
  2. Shankha or conch shell along with a silver or brass bell
  3. Clay or metal idol of Ganapati
  4. Photo or murti of Kuladevta, the family deity
  5. Decorative cloth for covering the chaurang
  6. Vastra or cloth for covering the Kalash
  7. Silver or Stainless steel oil lamp, known as samai along with substantial cotton wicks
  8. Traditional Indian pots known as Kalash along with tamhan
  9. Akshata, a preparation that comprise of rice mixed with saffron, wet turmeric, sandalwood paste
  10. Kumkum and saffron
  11. Sandalwood paste, betel leaves, and betel nuts
  12. Two pieces of red cloth
  13. Incense sticks
  14. Mango leaves for decorating Kalash and threshold
  15. Camphor
  16. Flowers and fruits that must include bananas
  17. Modakams or modak, which are sweet dumplings
  18. Madhuparkam which is liquid mixture of curd, ghee, and milk
  19. Panchamrutam that is prepared by mixing curd, cow’s milk, ghee, sugar and honey
  20. Different types of patra or leaves


In case, any of the above mentioned items are not available, then you can replace those items with Akshata, as an instant remedy.

Interesting customs and rituals

Ganesh Chaturthi falls on the fourth fortnight of the Hindu month of Bhadrapada. Devotees celebrate rituals for five to ten days with zeal. Submerging of clay idols of Ganesha takes place on the tenth day. By submerging idols in water, people believe that Ganapati will take away every distress and sorrow along with him. Preparation begins almost two months prior to the festival. Skilled craftsmen create lifelike idols of Ganapati in various poses and forms. Before the official puja day, houses must be thoroughly cleaned. You can decorate the Ganesh mandap or pandal with colorful flowers and coconut or banana leaves. This is followed by establishing the idol or Murthi Sthaapna. Installing the idols must take place at an appropriate time, after which priests perform various rituals.

  1. Ganesha Murti is decorated with beautiful flowers and sandalwood paste. Priests then place a Kalash that contains rice or holy water, in front of the statue. This is known as Purna Kumbha.
  2. It is said that when priests conduct various customs, it fills the statue with life. Invoking idols with the presence of the Lord is known as Pranpratishhtha. Worshippers then sip holy water and perform pranayama. Priests conduct Ganapati Aarti, and devotees chant various hymns and incantations.
  3. Rituals comprise of a sixteen-fold praying custom that is the Shodashopachara. It entails Aavaahana which means inviting the Lord.
  4. Asana Samarpana means offering a seat to the guests. Paadya denotes washing Lord Ganesha’s feet. Argha signifies washing your hands.
  5. Aachamana means consuming three gulps of water for smoothing your speech faculties.
  6. Madhuparka is about offering something to drink to the Lord. Snaana signifies bathing the clay idols with ghee, curd, and milk.
  7. Upaveeta or Vastra means offering new garments to Ganapati. Gandha denotes applying sandalwood paste on the idols forehead, as per tradition. Pushpa signifies offering of flowers which is then followed by lighting of Dhoopa.
  8. Acknowledging Ganapati in the form of light is done by lighting of Deepa or oil lamps. Naivedya is the ritual of presenting different delicacies to Lord Ganesha.
  9. Taamblooa signifies chewing of betel leaves along with various herbs. Then follows the Aarti where priests light camphor lit diyas to the Lord.
  10. Mantrapushpa signifies chanting different hymns and mantras along with performing Pradakshina. It implies the presence of Lord Ganesha in every corner and direction.
  11. After completion of Shodashopachara, Aarti is performed by reciting hundred and eight names of Vinayaka while chanting Ganesha mantras. Priests perform this Aarti twice a day for invoking Lord Vinayaka.
  12. On the final day, Ganapati Visarjan takes place with an immersion of idols in the river. Immersion of idols is accompanied by loud chanting and cheering of Ganapati Bappa Morya.

Obtain success by performing this puja

Vinayaka is revered by everybody as the God of prosperity, wisdom and knowledge.


  • Before you start any new venture or undertaking, performing puja in the acknowledgment of Lord Ganapati will ensure success in every sphere.
  • Benefits of Ganesh Chaturthi include happiness, fulfillment of wishes and material progress. This puja eradicates every obstacle in your path and creates favorable situations for your future endeavors.
  • Praying to Vinayaka can help in eliminating malefic effects, caused by Buddh or planet Mercury.



Incantation of mantras

Before any journey or new endeavor, chanting the Ganesha mantra is necessary. Incantations and chants will help in invoking the Lord’s spirit and will ensure you peace and success.

Mantra in Devnagari Script

गणपतिर्विघ्नराजो लम्बतुण्डो गजाननः
द्वैमातुरश्च हेरम्ब एकदन्तो गणाधिपः
विनायकश्चारुकर्णः पशुपालो भवात्मजः
द्वादशैतानि नामानि प्रातरुत्थाय यः पठेत्
विश्वं तस्य भवेद्वश्यं न च विघ्नं भवेत् क्वचित्

Incantation in English

Ganapativighnarajo lambatundo gajananah
Dvaimaturasca heramba ekadanto ganadhipah.
Vinayakascarukarnan pasupalo bhavatmajaah.
Dvadasaitani namani pratarut thaya yah pathet.
Visvam tasya bhavedvasyam na cha vighnam bhavet kvacit