Introduction To The Komuravelli Mallikharjuna Temple
The Komuravelli Mallikharjuna Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is located on the Indrakeeladri hill in Komuravelli village, which is located in the Warangal District, of the state of Telengana, earlier a part of Andhra Pradesh. The Mallikharjuna Temple is inside a cave that us on the hillock near Siddipet on Karimnagar–Hyderabad, NH-7, popularly known as Rajiv Rahadari. It is about 110 Kms from Warangal town. The temple is believed to be more than five hundred years old.
Profound cultural and religious connection
The komuravelli mallikarjuna temple warangal is one of the prominent Siva temples in the northern Telangana region of Andhra Pradesh. There is no written script or evidence about the history of this temple. What is learnt is through songs that are sung in praise of the Lord Mallikarjuna through the Oggu Katha. Hence it is an ancient oral tradition that is behind the religious and cultural significance of this temple.
According to the Oggu Katha, Swamy Mallanna of Komuravelli took great troubles to fulfill the condition of brothers of the goddess Medallamma in order to marry her. The condition was to obtain the bandari, hard turmeric or roots of turmeric that is known in the local language as pasupu kommulu. Goddess Medallamma is also called Bramarambika is thus known as the wife of Lord Shiva. This Komuravelli Mallanna is the famous Komuravelli Mallikarjuna. Main devotees of the Komuravelli Mallanna are from Kuruma Golla and Kapu communitites who sing the Oggu Katha.
According to oral traditions of the region, God Mallanna or Malia Reddy is said to have been Kapu by caste. It is said that Mallanna was born to Mali Chemata, the second favorite of Lord Siva. According to the lore, Lord Mallikharjun married Gollakethamma belonging to the Yadava community and Medalamma belonging to the Linga Balija community after which he settled in Komuravelli. In keeping with the cultural and religious sentiment, it is members of these two communities who are at the head of all rituals.
Presiding deity of the temple
The komuravelli mallikarjuna telangana temple is dedicated to the fierce-looking deity of Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy who is an incarnation of Lord Shiva. This deity is seated with Kethamma and Medalamma on either side. This deity of the Komuravelli Mallikarjuna is also referred to as the Komuravelli Mallanna by the devotees, whose adventures the Oggu Katha narrates.
Detials of the Mallikarjuna idol
The Mallikarjuna Swamy is a fierce looking idol who is flanked by Kethamma and Medalamma on either side. The uniqueness of the idol of this temple is that though it represents an incarnation of Lord Shiva, there is no linga in the temple. The Lord here appears in his vigraha rupam or as a statue and not in his usual linga rupam.
The deity is made of clay and has a big moustache and his body is blue in color like the Nilkantan Shiva who swallowed the poison to save the universe from destruction by poison. The idol has four hands holding the serpent and the trident with the upper two hands and a bowl and a stick in his lower hands. The base of the idol had three skulls near the foot of Lord Mallikarjuna, while serpents also decorate the base.
Other deities of worship
Since the shrine of Lord Mallikharjuna is situated inside a cave, there are no shrines for any other deity with within the temple complex. But the two consorts of the Lord Mallanna and Gollakethamma are seated on his sides who are equally worshipped by devotees of the Lord Mallikharjuna. Since the Mallikharjuna is an incarnation of Lord Shiva, there is a nandi bull in the prescient, the divine vehicle of the Lord who is revered by his devotees too.
Daily worship rituals
The komuravelli mallikarjuna temple timings every day for the general public is from 6 am to 8.30 pm. But even before the temple doors open, rituals are performed that begin at 4.30 with the traditional Oggu prarthana. Following this, there is the suprabatham abhishekam at 5.00 am which continues for another half an hour after which the temple doors are opened to the public for at 6.00 am. At noon sharp there is the dwara bhandanam after which the maha nivedanan is done behind the closed doors for the Lord to have lunch and rest during the afternoon. It reopens at 3.00 pm and remains open till 8.30 pm for darshan to the public.
Special occasion for celebration
The Komuravelli Mallikharjuna is the incarnation of Shiva which makes Shivaratri a very special occasion to be celebrated here. Devotees believe in the readiness of the Lord to answer their prayers while worshiping with true fervor. This makes them flock in hundreds or thousands to the temple on this special day. The pedda patnam is the ritual that is celebrated on the on the occasion of Maha Sivaratri where they participate to seek his benevolence and blessings.
Makara Sankranti is another major event and festival that is celebrated at Komuravelli as the Komuravelli Mallanna Brahmotsavam. It is held in the month of January when the whole of the state celebrates this auspicious occasion by offering special puja and homage to the Lord Shiva as the Supreme protector. Devotees flock in here not only from the state of Telangana but also from other states as well in thousands. On both the occasions devotees fast and also offer special puja which are made possible through the temple administration.
The special hill pilgrimage
Lord Shiva is one of the Hindu Triad who is engaged in both protection as well as destruction. Though Brahma is the Creator and Vishnu the preserver, it is Shiva who controls both these two aspects through the Shiva-Shakti that is the duality and the sum total of the masculine and feminine forces in nature. The komuravelli mallikarjuna puja is a part of the homage that the devotee pays to this Supreme power. Moreover, the clay idol in this temple is believed to have been installed by the Divinity himself which makes a pilgrimage to this hill country of Komuravelli a very significant aspect in the spiritual life of a Hindu.