The Trimurti or the triad, is the heart of Hinduism. The triad of Brahma, Vishnu and Siva, represent all aspects of the Supreme Being – creation, sustenance and destruction. All three aspects work in unison, and nothing happens exclusively. Of them, the person Vishnu is all pervading. It is from his navel that Brahma was born. Of the three persons of the Trimurti, creation is attributed to Brahma, sustenance to Vishnu and destruction to Shiva. Though destruction is attributed to Shiva, yet he had a role in creation too. He represents the male principal of the world and his female consort Shakti personifies material energy.
Emergence Of Vishnu
Traditional etymology describes Vishnu having derived from the Sanskrit ‘Vis’, which means ‘to enter into or pervade’, thus glossing the interpretation ‘all-pervading one’. The sage Parashara, while explaining to Maitraya the origins of the universe says that in the beginning the universe was full of water and from that water emerged a huge egg like a water bubble. The egg continued to grow in size and within it was Vishnu. The egg was the Brahmanda or the universe which contained the land, mountains, the water bodies, humans, demons, gods and the stars. All around the egg on the outside were the elements of the earth, fire, water, wind and sky. Within the egg Brahma emerged out of the navel of Vishnu and proceeded to create the universe. When the universe is to be destroyed, the other form of Vishnu, Shiva will then take over destroying it.
Vishnu pervades and preserves all and is also known as Narayan or Hari. The earthly incarnation of Vishnu is said to have ten avatars among which are Krishna and Rama and Sree Ventaktesh. These avatars have come on earth from time to time to protect humanity from the destructive forces of the evil. The sacred texts mention Vishnu to be resident in the directionof Makara Rashi, which just about coincides with the Capricorn constellation. The Puranas and the Vaishnava tradition mention Vishnu’s eye to be situated at the distant southern celestial pole.
Auspicious Time For Vishnu Puja
Some prefer to choose any purnima or full moon day and offer a simple puja before an image of Vishnu by chanting the simple mantra “Om Vishnave namah’ or ‘Om Namo Naryanay.’ for hundred and eight times. In fact most temples follow the lunar calendar date of full moon to conduct the Satyanarayan Puja to invoke the blessing of Lord Vishnu. However a Vedic Vishnu puja is an elaborate affair requiring seven to ten days. It consists of chanting specific counts chants or jap of the Vishnu mantras, that is, a count of of 125,000 Shri Narayan Mantras with the rest of the procedure built around this chant.